About Water Softeners
The water softener is just a special type of “filter” that removes the calcium and magnesium in hard water by using plastic beads and cleans itself periodically by a process called “regeneration.”
Water softeners have three main components: A mineral tank, brine tank, and control valve. Smaller capacity models combine the mineral tank and brine tanks into one cabinet, but the two tanks are still separated within the cabinet.
- Mineral Tank: The mineral tank is where the action is. It is where the water filtration takes place and the hard water is softened (calcium and magnesium are removed).
- Brine Tank: The brine tank is where a highly concentrated solution of salt or potassium is stored.
- Control Valve: The control valve is the device that controls the flow of water into and out of the mineral and brine tanks during regeneration.